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On This Date In 1417 Pope Martin V (c. 1368 – February 20, 1431), born Oddone Colonna was Pope from 1417 to 1431. His election effectively ended the Western Schism (1378–1417).
On This Date In 1620 The Mayflower Compact was signed by the 41 men on the Mayflower when they landed in what is now Provincetown Harbor near Cape Cod. It was the first democratic document written in America, declaring the pilgrims to be their own democratic commonwealth
On This Date In 1778 During the American Revolutionary War, patriot Colonel Ichabod Alden refused to believe intelligence about an approaching hostile force. As a result, a combined force of Loyalists and Native Americans, attacking in the snow, killed more than 40 Patriots, including Alden, and took at least an additional 70 prisoners, in what is known today as the Cherry Valley Massacre. The attack took place east of Cooperstown, New York.
On This Date In 1831 Nat Turner, a slave and educated minister, was hanged in Jerusalem, VA, after inciting a violent slave uprising.
On This Date In 1851 The first U.S. patent for a telescope design was issued to Alvan Clark of Cambridge, Mass.
On This Date In 1852 The Saturday Evening Gazette published “The Rival Painters: A Story of Rome,” by Louisa May Alcott, her first story, who would later write the beloved children's book Little Women (1868).
On This Date In 1868 The first indoor amateur track and field meet was held by the New York Athletic Club.
On This Date In 1889 President Benjamin Harrison declared Washington the forty-second state in the Union.
On This Date In 1918 World War I – known at the time as “The Great War” - officially ended when the Treaty of Versailles was signed on June 28, 1919, in the Palace of Versailles outside the town of Versailles, France. However, fighting ceased seven months earlier when an armistice, or temporary cessation of hostilities, between the Allied nations and Germany went into effect on the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month. For that reason, November 11, 1918, is generally regarded as the end of “the war to end all wars.”
On This Date In 1920 The body of an unknown British soldier was buried in Westminster Abbey. The service was recorded with the first electronic recording process developed by Lionel Guest and H.O. Merriman.
On This Date In 1921 Exactly three years after the end of World War I, the Tomb of the Unknowns is dedicated at Arlington Cemetery in Virginia during an Armistice Day ceremony presided over by President Warren G. Harding.
On This Date In 1938 Kate Smith first sang Irving Berlin's “God Bless America” on network radio.
On This Date In 1940 “The Long Voyage Home”, an American drama film and directed by John Ford, was released. It features John Wayne, Thomas Mitchell, Ian Hunter, Barry Fitzgerald, Wilfrid Lawson, John Qualen, Mildred Natwick, and Ward Bond.
On This Date In 1942 Congress approved the lowering of the draft age to 18 and raising the upper limit to age 37.
On This Date In 1943 “Sahara”, a war film directed by Zoltán Korda, was released. Humphrey Bogart stars as a U.S. tank commander in Egypt during the Western Desert Campaign of World War II. The movie earned three Academy Award nominations: Best Sound, Best Cinematography (Black-and-White) and Best Supporting Actor by J. Carrol Naish for his role as an Italian prisoner.
On This Date In 1946 The New York Knickerbockers (now the Knicks) played their first game at Madison Square Garden.
On This Date In 1952 The first video recorder was demonstrated by John Mullin and Wayne Johnson in Beverly Hills, CA.
On This Date In 1954 “The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers”, the second volume of J. R. R. Tolkien's high fantasy novel The Lord of the Rings, was published. It is preceded by The Fellowship of the Ring and followed by The Return of the King.
On This Date In 1961 “Catch-22”, a satirical, historical novel by the American author Joseph Heller, which he began writing in 1953, was published. It is set during World War II in 1943 and is frequently cited as one of the great literary works of the twentieth century.
On This Date In 1965 The government of Rhodesia declared its independence from Britain. The country later became known as Zimbabwe.
On This Date In 1966 The United States launched Gemini 12 from Cape Kennedy, FL. The craft circled the Earth 59 times before returning. Gemini 12 (officially Gemini XII) was a 1966 manned spaceflight in NASA's Project Gemini. It was the 10th and final manned Gemini flight, the 18th manned American flight and, including X-15 flights over 100 kilometres (62 mi), the 26th spaceflight of all time.
On This Date In 1972 During the Vietnam War, the massive Long Binh military base, once the largest U.S. installation outside the continental United States, was handed over to the South Vietnamese, effectively marking the end - after seven years - of direct U.S. participation in the war.
On This Date In 1978 Donna Summer's “MacArthur Park” reached the top of the Billboard Hot 100, giving the Queen of Disco her first #1 pop hit.
On This Date In 1981 Rookie of the Year Fernando Valenzuela won the National League's Cy Young Award, becoming the first player in baseball history to win both prizes in the same season.
On This Date In 1981 The U.S.S. Ohio was commissioned at the Electric Boat Division in Groton, CT. It was the first Trident class submarine.
On This Date In 1982 President Ronald Reagan presented the Presidential Citizens Medal in commemoration of Veterans Day to Raymond Weeks.
On This Date In 1984 The Reverend Martin Luther King, Sr. (December 19, 1899 - November 11, 1984), Baptist missionary, advocate for equal justice, an early civil rights leader. and father of Martin Luther King, Jr., died in Atlanta, Georgia at age 84 of a heart attack.
On This Date In 1984 U.S. President Ronald Reagan accepted the Vietnam Veterans Memorial as a gift to the nation from the Vietnam Veterans Memorial Fund.
On This Date In 1990 Stormie Jones, the world's first heart-liver transplant recipient, died at a Pittsburgh hospital at age 13.
On This Date In 1991 The U.S. stationed its first diplomat in Cambodia in 16 years to help the nation arrange democratic elections.
On This Date In 1992 Russian President Boris Yeltsin told U.S. senators in a letter that Americans had been held in prison camps after World War II. Some were "summarily executed," but others were still living in his country voluntarily.
On This Date In 1992 “Aladdin”, a 1992 American animated feature produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation, was released by Walt Disney Pictures. It is the 31st animated feature in the Walt Disney Animated Classics series.
On This Date In 1992 “Rage Against the Machine”, the debut album by rap metal band Rage Against the Machine, was released. The album peaked at #1 on Billboard's Heatseekers chart, and at #45 on the Billboard Top 200 chart.
On This Date In 1993 In Washington, DC, the Vietnam Women's Memorial was dedicated to honor the more than 11,000 women who had served in the Vietnam War.
On This Date In 1996 The Vietnam Veterans Memorial Fund unveiled "The Wall That Heals." The work was a half-scale replica of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial that would tour communities throughout the United States.
On This Date In 1997 Roger Clemens (Toronto Blue Jays) became the third major league player to win the Cy Young Award four times.
On This Date In 1997 “No No No”, an R&B song performed by American group Destiny's Child for their debut studio album Destiny's Child (1998), was released. The song was produced by Vincent Herbert, Rob Fusari and Wyclef Jean.
On This Date In 1998 Jay Cochrane set a record for the longest blindfolded skywalk. He walked on a tightrope between the towers of the Flamingo Hilton in Las Vegas, NV. The towers are 600 feet apart.
On This Date In 2000 The Kaprun disaster was a fire that occurred in an ascending railway car in the tunnel of the Gletscherbahn 2 railway in Kaprun, Austria. The disaster claimed the lives of 155 people, leaving 12 survivors (10 Germans, 2 Austrians) from the burning car. The victims were skiers on their way to the Kitzsteinhorn Glacier.
On This Date In 2002 Microsoft Chairman Bill Gates pledged $100 million to fight AIDS in India.
On This Date In 2004 Yassar Arafat (August 24, 1929 - November 11, 2004) became ill, fell into a coma and died at the age of 75. While the exact cause of his death remains unknown and no autopsy was performed, his doctors spoke of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura and cirrhosis.
On This Date In 2006 The PlayStation 3, the third home video game console produced by Sony Computer Entertainment, was first released in Japan; November 17, 2006 in North America; and March 23, 2007 in Europe and Oceania.
On This Date In 2008 “Fearless”, the second studio album by American country pop artist Taylor Swift, was released on Big Machine Records. The album debuted at number one on the U.S. Billboard 200, selling 592,304 copies in its first week, the best first-week sales for a female artist in 2008. Fearless became the first album to sell one million copies in 2009, selling 1,361,000 copies since January 1.
On This Date In 2008 The Queen Elizabeth 2, often referred to simply as the QE2, the ocean liner operated by Cunard from 1969 to 2008, made her final voyage from Southampton to Dubai, arriving on November 26 in a flotilla of 120 smaller vessels, led by MY Dubai, the personal yacht of Sheikh Mohammed, ruler of Dubai, in time for her official handover the following day.
Happy Birthday Jonathan Winters (1925), Susan Kohner (1936), Denise Alexander (1939), Fuzzy Zoeller (1951), Marc Summers (1951), Hyapatia Lee (1960), Stanley Tucci (1960), Demi Moore (1962), Calista Flockhart (1964), Adam Beach (1972), Melissa Stark (1973), Leonardo DiCaprio (1974), Eyal Podell (1975), Brad Hoover (1976), and Colin Ferrell (1984).
RIP Charles Bent (1799 – 1847), Fedor Dostoevsky (1821 – 1881), Maude Adams (1872 – 1953), George S. Patton, Jr. (1885 – 1945), Hugh Scott (1900 – 1994), Gordon Pettinger (1911 – 1986), Patric Knowles (1911 – 1995), Stubby Kaye (1918 – 1997), Kurt Vonnegut, Jr. (1922 – 2007), Hank Garland (1930 – 2004), Vincent Schiavelli (1948 – 2005), and Kim Peek (1951 – 2009).
Don't interfere with anything in the Constitution. That must be maintained, for it is the only safeguard of our liberties. Abraham Lincoln
Better than honor and glory, and History's iron pen, Was the thought of duty done and the love of his fellow-men. Richard Watson Gilder
My heroes are those who risk their lives every day to protect our world and make it a better place -- police, firefighters, and members of our armed forces. Sidney Sheldon
Once we have a war there is only one thing to do. It must be won. For defeat brings worse things than any that can ever happen in war. Ernest Miller Hemmingway
As a 22-year Army Veteran who served in Operations Desert Storm and Iraqi Freedom, and as a Civilian Advisor to the Afghan Army in Operation Enduring Freedom, I understand both the gravity of giving the order, and the challenge of carrying it out. Allen West
"The willingness with which our young people are likely to serve in any war, no matter how justified, shall be directly proportional to how they perceive veterans of early wars were treated and appreciated by our nation."
Courtesy YouTube et al
Mark Schultz sings this incredible song to honor American Soldiers serving their country around the world. It was nominated as music video of the year in the 2004 Dove Awards and won the Barbara Rosser Award for the best film produced by the Department of Defense in 2004- 2006. It also served as the rallying point for the US Army's "Be Safe" campaign.
This is a military slideshow I made. The music to this one is "If I Die Tomorrow" by Motley Crüe. For those who appreciate our brave men and women, Thank You!
Each year, Veterans Day falls during the month of November. On this Veterans Day, we are celebrating those who have served our country. VA is reaching out to explain the meaning of Veterans Day, and the fact that our gratitude reaches far beyond just one day out of the year.
To view a Section 508-compliant version of this video visit: http://www.va.gov/opa/vetsday/
You and I have a rendezvous with destiny. We will preserve for our children this, the last best hope of man on earth, or we will sentence them to take the first step into a thousand years of darkness. If we fail, at least let our children and our children's children say of us we justified our brief moment here. We did all that could be done.